Posts Tagged ‘Sudan’

Current Status of Research on the History of Mafa people -État actuel de la recherche sur l’histoire du peuple Mafa

We have been researching the origins of the Mafa tribe for about twenty years using anthropology research methods, library research, and a specialized laboratory. While waiting for the finalization and publication of the work, we are pleased to report that, so far, we could go back to 2000 before our common era. At the present study stage, the Mafa would be members of the Malinke people, initially established in a region corresponding to the current Gambia. Leaving there around 2000 BCE and mixing with several ethnic groups during their travels, they settled in East Africa. It was in a vast region that included Kenya, Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, and Tanzania. DNA analysis also reveals a relationship with the Luhya of western Kenya. The Luhya people began migrations around 1000 BCE. The Mafa passed through Uganda, Sudan, and Chad before settling in Cameroon and Nigeria in the 7th century CE, based on the historian Urvoy’s writing (1949). It should be noted that this research is not yet complete. We welcome any useful scientific information or documentation. Details will follow in a future publication if God permits.

Nous effectuons des études sur les origines de la tribu Mafa depuis une vingtaine d’années en utilisant la revue de la littérature, des méthodes de recherche anthropologique, et des analyses dans un laboratoire spécialisé. En attendant la finalisation et la publication du travail, nous avons le plaisir de signaler que nous pourrions remonter jusqu’en 2000 avant Jésus-Christ. Au stade présent de l’analyse, les Mafa seraient des membres du peuple Malinké, initialement établi dans une région qui correspond à l’actuelle Gambie. Partis de là vers 2000 avant notre ère et se mêlant à plusieurs ethnies au cours de leurs voyages, ils s’installent en Afrique de l’Est. C’était dans une vaste contrée qui comprenait le Kenya, le Soudan, l’Égypte, l’Éthiopie, la Somalie, l’Ouganda et la Tanzanie. L’analyse ADN révèle justement un lien de parenté avec les Luhya de l’ouest du Kenya. Le peuple Luhya a commencé ses migrations vers 1000 av. J.-C. Les Mafa sont passés par l’Ouganda, le Soudan et le Tchad avant de s’installer au Cameroun et au Nigeria au 7e siècle de notre ère, à la lumière du travail de l’historien Urvoy (1949). Il convient de préciser que cette recherche n’est pas encore terminée. Nous accueillons toute information ou documentation scientifique utile. Les détails suivront dans une future publication si Dieu le permet.

Prof. Moussa Bongoyok

WHO WILL LIVE FOR THOSE WHO NO LONGER HAVE HEADS? A shout in the desert of International Community

You didn’t hear… or did you hide willingly under the bed of abstraction?

Maybe you did hear about Boko Haram and other terrorist movements in action…

But, you see, your geography professor told you as did your musician,

With all the calm and seriousness of an academician,

That Kousseri, Maroua, Mora, Tourou, Moskota, Koza, Ouzal, Mozogo,

And other localities or infrahuman countries must go,

Because their humanity index is so low, and,

They are located on an unknown planet, the land of tomorrow.

Why worry about the future

While one calmly drinks today’s culture?


Maybe you didn’t see what is happening on social media as your soul became a taro…

Because, above all, you must set your economic priorities right to beat the antihero

And accumulate as much power and things as you can carry in your empty barrow.

Your business professor told you so, with his academic sombrero.

Your financial advisor is such a genius so different from the harrow

That you gather things, things and more things, and the great dinero.

You eat power, power and more power over bones without a marrow.

Aren’t they mere keys to your success today and tomorrow?

Your eyes can’t see while you dream to be the next pharaoh

And, after all, your neighbor is just a dried arrow!


Who will cry for those who no longer have heads?

Who will become a shelter for those who no longer have beds?

Who will eat for those who can no longer smell the odor of fresh breads?

Who will bring joyous colors to lives painted in multiple reds?

Who will tell Europe, America, Asia and others, that Boko Haram spreads

Faster and deeper than the swiftest fighters and meds?

Who will act? Who will dig? Who will lovingly address the roots

Instead of relying solely on boots?


Oh! I wish you and I were the recovered triumphant shouts of the voiceless!

Oh! I wish you and I were the beautiful tears of the tearless!

Oh! I wish you and I were the real wealth of the resourceless!

Oh! I wish you and I were the reconstructed ramparts of the powerless!

Oh! I wish you and I were the regained smiles of the hopeless!

Oh! I wish you and I were the lost but found face of the faceless!

Oh! I wish you and I were the living image of the divine rock for the baseless!

Oh! I wish you and I were the real value of lives so priceless!

Regardless of our religious backgrounds, we are all humans;

Would you and I actively navigate against the currents and stop treating others as subhumans?


Moussa Bongoyok, PhD

Professor of Intercultural Studies and Holistic Development

President of Institut Universitaire de Développement International (IUDI)

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